BIRDQUIZ Answers

This page provides answers to the questions posed on the BIRDQUIZ page. The questions are designed to test your knowledge of All the World’s Birds and provide an entertaining way to learn more.

The questions and answers are listed in reverse order of publication, so that the most recent question is at the top. All questions have previously appeared on Twitter as tweets from @charlesrstubbs.

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BIRDQUIZ 19/11 What’s the only species of the Cockatoos family that does not regularly occur in Australasia?

The Australasia world region includes Wallacea, which makes up a large part of central and eastern Indonesia, as well as the country of Timor-Leste. The only species of Family: Cacatuidae – Cockatoos that does not regularly occur within the Australasia world region is:

458/3709    Red-vented Cockatoo    Cacatua haematuropygia

Once widely distributed throughout the Philippines, this species is now largely restricted to islands in the west and centre of that country.

Another species of Cockatoo:

458/3710    Yellow-crested Cockatoo    Cacatua sulphurea

is regularly present outside of Australasia to the west of Wallacea on an island in the east Java Sea, as well as being present in western Wallacea (including Sulawesi and the Lesser Sundas).

All other members of the Cockatoos family are found in their natural state (i.e. not introduced) wholly within the Australasia world region.

[This bird family is featured in Part FIVE of the ATWB Part-by-Part Companion Guide series – click here for details. You can learn more about Australasia birds in the ATWB World Regions series – click here for details, and about the birds of Wallacea in the ATWB Focus on … series – click here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/10 Following the mid-2019 shake-up of Non-Passerine Orders (see the ATWB July 2019 blog post), can you place these bird families in their new taxonomic sequence?
Penguins, Grebes, Skuas, Cuckoos, Owls, Swifts.

The new taxonomic sequence is:

In PART 1 of the IOC birdlist:

Family: Apodidae – Swifts

In PART 2 of the IOC birdlist:

Family: Cuculidae – Cuckoos

Family: Podicipedidae – Grebes

In PART 3 of the IOC birdlist:

Family: Stercorariidae – Skuas

Family: Spheniscidae – Penguins

In PART 4 of the IOC birdlist:

Family: Strigidae – Owls

[These bird families are featured in Parts ONE, TWO, THREE and FOUR of the ATWB Part-by-Part Companion Guide series – click here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/9 In v9.2 of the IOC birdlist there are 8 species with English names of just 4 letters. Two are Omao and Iiwi (Hawaii endemics). How many of the other six can you name?

042/0119    Nene    Branta sandvicensis    (Hawaii)

042/0224    Smew    Mergellus albellus    (Western Palearctic, Asia)

201/127F    Sora    Porzana carolina    (Americas)

274/1571    Ruff    Calidris pugnax    (worldwide)

185/1180    Kagu    Rhynochetos jubatus    (New Caledonia)

684/6262    Rook    Corvus frugilegus    (Western Palearctic, Asia)

[The first five birds in this list are featured in Parts ONE, TWO and THREE of the ATWB Part-by-Part Companion Guide series – click here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/8 Christmas Shearwater and Christmas Frigatebird … Both breed on Christmas Island but are never seen together. Why?

091/0632    Christmas Shearwater    Puffinus nativitatis

breeds on Kiribati Island (also known as Christmas Island) in the Pacific Ocean south of Hawaii.

138/0831    Christmas Frigatebird    Fregata andrewsi

breeds on Christmas Island in north-east Indian Ocean.

The non-breeding ranges of these two species do not overlap.

[These birds are featured in the ATWB Oceans WORLD REGIONS Companion Guide – click here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/7 Which bird species is the only member of Family: Fringillidae – Finches, Euphonias to occur regularly in southern India?

961/9012    Common Rosefinch    Carpodacus erythrinus

winters regularly in south-west India.

[This bird is featured in the ATWB Interactive Checklist for South-west India – click here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/6 In v9.2 of the IOC birdlist, what do the following three bird species have in common? Kagu Rhynochetos jubatus, Cuckoo Roller Leptosomus discolor, Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens?

They are all members of families that have only one species.

185/1180    Kagu    (New Caledonia)

is the single species member of Family Rhynochetidae.

367/2970    Cuckoo Roller    (Madagascar and nearby islands)

is the single species member of Family Leptosomidae.

998/9274    Yellow-breasted Chat    (North America, Middle America)

is the single species member of Family Icteriidae.

[These birds are featured in Parts THREE, FOUR and TWELVE of the ATWB Part-by-Part Companion Guide series – click here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/5 In v9.2 of the IOC birdlist, what bird species has the longest (hyphenated) SINGLE WORD English name, with 18 characters? [Hint: it’s well known but infrequently seen.]

339/2466    Chuck-will’s-widow   Antrostomus carolinensis

is a member of the Nightjar family. Resident in s Florida and coastal sc USA, it breeds across eastern North America, wintering in the Caribbean, e Mexico, Central America and the western lowlands of extreme north-west South America. It’s English name is familiar, especially in North America. However, being a nocturnal bird it is seldom seen.

[This bird, along with the All the World’s more than 90 other extant species of Nightjar, is featured in the ATWB Part-by-Part Companion Guide PART ONE – click here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/4 To have a good chance of seeing both these species on the same day, where would you need to be birding?

636/5797  Ashy Minivet  Pericrocotus divaricatus

680/6142  Island Monarch  Monarcha cinerascens

Answer 19/4:

Island Monarch is resident on coasts and smaller islands of Wallacea in north-west Australasia. Ashy Minivet breeds in eastern Asia, moving south post-breeding to winter in South-east Asia and the Philippines. Additionally, some birds overwinter in the northern part of the island of Sulawesi in north central Indonesia, and it is here that the ranges of these two species overlap. So, to have a good chance of seeing both these species on the same day, you would need to be birding in the coastal region of northern Sulawesi outside of the northern hemisphere breeding season.

[These birds are featured in the ATWB Focus on WALLACEA Companion Guide and the ATWB Sulawesi Interactive Checklist – click here and here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/3 There’s one species of bird that’s found only in the countries of Jamaica and Colombia.

What is it, and where in Colombia is it regularly present?

Answer 19/3:

973/930Y    Jamaican Oriole   Icterus leucopteryx

is normally thought of as a “Jamaica endemic”, but a subspecies I. l. lawrencii is resident on San Andrés Island in the sw Caribbean Sea off the coast of Nicaragua. [Another subspecies I. l. bairdi formerly inhabited Grand Cayman Island, but is now extinct.] San Andrés Island is part of the country of Colombia.

[You can find Jamaican Oriole and many other bird species with restricted ranges in South America, Middle America and the Caribbean in the ATWB PART TWELVE Companion Guide – click here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/2 Which of these is NOT a type of Hummingbird? Coronet, Jacobin, Monklet, Racket-tail, Sabrewing, Thornbill, Thorntail?

Answer 19/2:

415/326F    Lanceolated Monklet    (nw South America, Costa Rica)

is a member of Family: Bucconidae – Puffbirds.

[In v9.2 of the IOC birdlist there are 338 species of Hummingbird regularly present in South America/Middle America. Find them all in the ATWB South America/Middle America REGIONS Companion Guide Volume 1: Non-Passerines – click here for details.]

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BIRDQUIZ 19/1 In v9.2 of the IOC birdlist there are 4 species with only THREE letters in their English name.

One is:  548/543Y  Mao   Gymnomyza aubryana of the Samoan islands.

Can you name the other three?

Answer 19/1: the other three are

005/0076  Emu  Dromaius novaehollandiae of Australia

454/3691  Kea  Nestor notabilis of s New Zealand

548/5327  Tui  Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae of New Zealand mainland, Kermadec, Chatham, Auckland islands

[These birds are featured in the ATWB Australasia WORLD REGIONS Companion Guides – click here for details.]

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