On January 25 2018 the International Ornithological Congress (IOC) released the latest version of its world bird list (V8.1):

Gill, F & D Donsker (Eds). 2018. IOC World Bird List (v 8.1). doi :  10.14344/IOC.ML.8.1.


The IOC bird list is hosted on a dedicated World Bird Names website, which provides access to the list in various different formats. Until 2017 the IOC bird list was updated fairly regularly at three-monthly intervals. From 2018 onwards it will be updated twice a year.


The details of the changes in the v8.1 release can be found by clicking on the Updates tab on the IOC website. Here is a summary of the major amendments:


New to science

Myrmoderus Antbirds  +1 species  Cordillera Azul Antbird



Goura Crowned Pigeons   +1 species

Malurus Fairywrens  +1 species

Catharus Nightingale-Thrushes  +1 species

Cinnyris Sunbirds  +1

Anthus Pipits  +2



Caprimulgus Nightjars  -1  [Ruwenzori Nightjar]

Phyllastrephus Greenbuls  -1  [Liberian Greenbul]


Re-defintion and re-sequencing of families

The Antbirds family Thamnophilidae has been re-defined with the addition of new genera, and has been re-sequenced.

All the bird families in Part 12 of the IOC bird list v7.3 [New World Warblers to Cardinals, Grosbeaks and allies] have been re-defined and re-sequenced:

  • The single species genus Coereba Bananaquit, which was formerly assigned to its own family Coerebidae, has been assigned to family Thraupidae – Tanagers and allies
  • The v7.3 family Emberizidae – Buntings, New World Sparrows and allies has been split into two families: Emberizidae – Buntings and Passerellidae – New World Sparrows
  • A further nine new families have been defined, raising the number of families in Part 12 of the IOC bird list from 7 to 16
  • The six species that were formerly in the temporary ‘holding’ position in the v7.3 bird list Incertae Sedis 2 – Family Uncertain have been assigned to families, and a number of additional species in existing families have been transferred to other families
  • Part 12 of the IOC bird list v8.1 now runs from Calcariidae – Longspurs, Snow Buntings to Thraupidae – Tanagers and allies


In the IOC bird list there are now 10699 extant species (net +5) assigned to 246 families (net +9).


All these changes will be reflected in the 2019 editions of the ATWB Companion Guides. These editions will be released towards the end of 2018, after publication of the next version (v8.2) of the IOC bird list.


To see all the currently available titles in the ‘All the World’s Birds’ series, search in the Books section of your local Amazon site for ATWBOr, click here to see all ATWB titles on Amazon USor here to see all ATWB titles on Amazon UK.

Each Companion Guide has a number of important features, including:

– A complete taxonomic listing of bird species

– An indication of where in the world each bird family and species can be found in its native state

– Region lists, with indications of restricted ranges within regions

– Spotlighted species that have a restricted worldwide range

However, perhaps the key feature of all eBooks in the Companion Guide series is the way you can quickly and simply access relevant, up to date online information about every featured bird species. If your reading device is connected to the internet, a single click will take you to a search results page for a species, from where you can continue to search for additional information to whatever level of detail you desire.



Today – December 20 2017 – sees the formal launch of the first five parts of the All the World’s Birds series (ATWB).

Between them these five Kindle eBooks cover all 4298 Non-Passerine bird species recognized by the International Ornithological Congress (IOC). The IOC bird list is hosted on a dedicated World Bird Names website, which provides access to the list in various different formats. Until 2017 the IOC bird list was updated fairly regularly at three-monthly intervals. From 2018 onwards it will be updated twice a year. The version of the IOC bird list that is used in the 2018 versions of the ATWB guides is Version 7.3, published July 31 2017.

Gill, F & D Donsker (Eds). 2017. IOC World Bird List (v 7.3). doi :  10.14344/IOC.ML.7.3.

As a special offer, for the five days leading up to Christmas 2017, Parts 1 and 2 eBooks are available **ABSOLUTELY FREE**.

All the World's Birds 2018 PART-BY-PART: Ostriches to Anhingas, Darters          

To see all the currently available titles in the ‘All the World’s Birds’ series, search in the Books section of your local Amazon site for ATWBOr, click here to see all ATWB titles on Amazon USor here to see all ATWB titles on Amazon UK.

Each Companion Guide has a number of important features, including:

– A complete taxonomic listing of bird species

– An indication of where in the world each bird family and species can be found in its native state

– Region lists, with indications of restricted ranges within regions

– Spotlighted species that have a restricted worldwide range

However, perhaps the key feature of all eBooks in the Companion Guide series is the way you can quickly and simply access relevant, up to date online information about every featured bird species. If your reading device is connected to the internet, a single click will take you to a search results page for a species, from where you can continue to search for additional information to whatever level of detail you desire.

Within each Companion Guide Parts 1 to 5 you will find the following sections:

QUICK REFERENCE – follow the links to find birds based on their common English names

REGION LISTS – check which species occur regularly within each world region

COMPLETE LIST – taxonomic details, showing each species’ order, family, genus and scientific name

SPOTLIGHTED BIRDS – country and local endemics, plus selected regional endemics

Stay subscribed to this blog to receive more information about new ATWB titles as they are published.

Happy armchair birding!


The ‘All the World’s Birds’ series of Companion Guides derives its taxonomy, English names and scientific names from The IOC World Bird List, an open access resource maintained by the International Ornithological Congress (IOC). The IOC bird list is hosted on a dedicated World Bird Names website, which provides access to the list in various different formats.

Until 2017 the IOC bird list was updated fairly regularly at three-monthly intervals. On October 21 2017 the IOC announced that from 2018 onwards the list will be updated semiannually, and that there will be no Version 7.4.

Hence, the version of the IOC bird list that will be used in the ‘All the World’s Birds 2018’ series of Companion Guides is Version 7.3, published July 31 2017.

As a result of this change, the first volumes in the ‘All the World’s Birds 2018’ series of Companion Guides have been able to be published earlier than originally planned. The first two volumes to be released are:


All the World’s Birds 2018: A Companion Guide
PART ONE: Ostriches to Anhingas, Darters

All the World’s Birds 2018: A Companion Guide


To find links to these Kindle eBooks on Amazon, and to see an up to date listing of all titles in the All the World’s Birds Companion Guide series, click here.



Sign up to this blog to be informed about releases of new titles in the All the World’s Birds Companion Guide series, and of developments in the IOC bird list.

The Last Post

The primary purpose of this short blog post is to inform my current subscribers that the subject matter of the blog is about to change, and so you may wish to unsubscribe. Full details are below …


It seems scarcely possible that more than three years have passed since my most recent article on the topic of ‘How the media manipulate the news’. Yet here we are in 2017 watching the President of the United States telling the world’s press more or less exactly what I wrote about in 2014!

So what has happened during those three years …? We have seen a massive rise in the number of people in western democracies who no longer trust traditional news outlets, preferring instead to believe what they read and hear about via social media. We have witnessed, as a consequence, electoral results that have confounded conventional wisdom. And the phrase ‘fake news’ (a handy way of dismissing or ignoring items of truth that one doesn’t wish to acknowledge) has entered the vocabulary, along with the curiously oxymoronic ‘alternative facts’.

For me, what is taking place now resonates with what happened in the Roman Empire, when Cicero refined the art of rhetoric to amass popular support. The only thing that has really changed is the medium – twitter instead of chatter – but the message is broadly the same: you can’t trust the old order, so let’s clean out the Augean stables (translated: ‘drain the Washington swamp’).

Whatever you think of the Trump presidency (and Brexit, and Macron), the western media are largely responsible for promoting the rise of populism by undermining their own credibility. When even professed stalwarts of factual news like the BBC (‘full, fair and independent’) sends a helicopter to film the police raid on Cliff Richard’s house, and then refuses to admit it might have made a mistake, you know that a wind of change is blowing.

So where do we go from here? I’m not sure. When it is possible to find umpteen sources of material online to support and reinforce your own, preciously held world view (whether that be creationism, racism, sexism or one of many other ‘isms’), and you are being encouraged by the most powerful man in the world not to believe what you read about, see and hear from other sources, the situation can only deteriorate. There is no longer any need for my blog, as originally conceived: the comment and opinion writers in the media are (belatedly) doing that job now!

So thank you to my current subscribers for staying with me, but it is time to turn my attention to something different ….

[From November 2017 this blog will be used to promote a series of eBooks that have been designed for birdwatchers. It will advise subscribers of upcoming new eBooks in the series and updates to existing titles. Hence, if you don’t wish to receive notifications of these blog posts, please unsubscribe now: and thank you again for reading!]

Can’t get a scoop? Then create the news

Last week in the UK, the publicly-funded BBC News ran extensive live coverage of a police search of the property of singer (and national treasure) Sir Cliff Richard. Sir Cliff, who is 73, had been accused of molesting a young boy at a Billy Graham rally in Yorkshire in 1985 – an accusation he denies. South Yorkshire Police has stated that it was approached by the BBC weeks before the planned raid. Afraid that the investigation could be jeopardised if BBC News ran a story about it, the force agreed to give the BBC advance warning of the search. A summary of the furore that has arisen in the UK since then can be found here.

I was overseas at the time and missed the BBC’s coverage, but reading about it reminded me of a ridiculous incident not long ago where a coach was stopped by police on the hard shoulder of a motorway in the UK. The BBC News channel’s viewing public was subjected to around 4 hours of speculation, so-called ‘analysis’, helicopter views of people being taken off the bus and questioned, and a rapidly-assembled array of experts venturing their opinions on what the BBC was trumping up to be a major anti-terrorist operation.

You can guess what happened (or something like this): passenger on the bus sees another traveller with some sort of electronic device; passenger informs the driver; driver radios for instructions; bus company requests police assistance; passing motorist sees the bus being pulled over and tweets or directly contacts the BBC via an app. What should have been a routine check is turned into a media circus. The police, now on live TV, feel they have to be shown to be responding to the rampant speculation being broadcast on the BBC News channel. For hours the BBC run this footage, no doubt delighted that they have a ‘scoop’, not really realising (or caring) that they have – in fact – created the very incident that they are now reporting to the world.

The reality is that BBC News is known within the UK media industry for spending millions of pounds on journalism that very rarely turns up anything ‘newsworthy’ ahead of its rivals. There must be tremendous pressure within the organisation to pounce on anything that could give it an edge over its competition.

I imagine it was like that with the Cliff Richard affair. Not wishing to pass up the opportunity for a major scoop, the editorial team at the BBC took the decision to squander licence fee payers’ money on ‘bigging up’ what should really have been a low-key news item. The police in the UK have a duty to protect people from the media in the early stages of an investigation, no matter how well known they might me. I would also argue that BBC News had an obligation to protect the reputation of Sir Cliff Richard, who, being away in Portugal at the time, only found out about the police search after the live broadcast had started.

Both the BBC Director-General Lord Hall and the Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police, David Crompton, have now been summoned to appear before the Home Affairs Select Committee of the UK parliament’s House of Commons, to explain their respective organisations’ roles in this sorry charade. I sincerely hope the committee also considers how media organisations like the BBC are able to manipulate events so as to create opportunities for their own aggrandisement.

Oh, and by the way: what was the result of that earlier ‘terrorist incident’ that BBC News covered live, for so long and so expensively? The suspicious device being carried by the hapless bus traveller turned out to be an electronic cigarette.

Why I write

Welcome to the Writing Process Blog Tour.

Those of you who follow my blog posts regularly will know that I usually comment on how the media is influencing and shaping our lives.

So, this is something different for me. I hope that regular followers will find the post interesting, and that new readers might take a peek at some of my previous posts, and maybe even sign up!

Author Sandra Nikolai recently took part in this unique blog tour on writing, and invited me to take it forward. I met Sandra online and discovered she writes mystery novels involving a female PI and a male investigative reporter. I have given high-star reviews to Sandra’s first two novels in the series, and can heartily recommend them. You can visit Sandra’s website at to find out more about her writing process and learn more about her books. You can also visit other authors on this tour by following the links on Sandra’s blog post and working back in time.

To continue the tour, I’ll be answering four questions:

1. What are you working on?
I’m currently plotting The House that Jack Built, the third novel in the series involving my ‘anti-hero’ Travis. In a departure from Web of Deceit and Retribution, which were set in North Wales, the bulk of the action of this new novel takes place on the island of Corfu in Greece. Once again, Travis finds himself embroiled in dangerous activities that are not of his own making. And, as in Retribution, acquaintances and murky figures from his past turn up.

2. How does your work differ from others of its genre?
Readers of my first two novels will know that I relish the ability to mislead through the use of language. I want my readers to be puzzled, confounded and surprised. This doesn’t suit all tastes, but I generally receive very good reviews.

What I believe makes my work different is that the ‘mystery’ element of my ‘mystery thrillers’ is centred on and takes its inspiration from the reader’s own predicament. I want the reader to ‘misunderstand’ what is going on in the story and reach conclusions that are shown to be false. My hope is that the reader will then pay more attention to the information he or she encounters in the ‘real world’.

3. Why do you write what you do?
I am genuinely disheartened by and feel passionately about the way in which many branches of the media have reneged on their responsibility to inform their readership. I would suggest that most, if not all, modern day media outlets are working to an agenda (political, religious, or motivated by profit), that is purposely presenting entertainment, opinion and dogma as fact, and innuendo, supposition and hypothesis as the ‘truth’.

Many people will say that this has always been the case. While possibly correct, this doesn’t make it right. Presenting bias or lies as statements of fact should not be condoned. I hope that after reading my novels, a few more people will feel as passionately as I do about this daily brainwashing we are all subject to. They might also question the veracity of comments passed on to them by others.

4. How does your writing process work?
I think for many months; maybe a year or more. I start with the ‘trick’ I shall be playing on the reader, then work a story line around that. I don’t start typing until I have about 80% of the story in my head, leaving much of the detail to be worked out as the story unfolds.

I work sequentially, writing the chapters in the order they will appear in the novel. All the time I am putting myself in the position of the reader, deciding carefully how to reveal the story through the actions of the characters. I have clear images of the central characters and feel that I know them. Sometimes they take me in directions I wasn’t expecting. All the time, though, they are leading me towards the conclusion I want.

Through the primary character of Travis, I try to reflect the everyday struggle we all have to understand what is going on in the world. We are bombarded with information, much of which is misleading, distorted by bias, incorrect, or just plain fabrication. My blog deals with ‘real world’ instances where the media has influenced events. My novels put ordinary people into situations where misunderstanding results in chaotic and potentially serious consequences. Yet I also explore the resilience of the characters and their ability to respond innovatively to the predicaments they find themselves in. These considerations influence the plot detail, which I develop and refine in ‘real time’, as I type.

After finishing, I read through and edit my own work at least three times, before handing the text over to independent readers/reviewers, who are mainly other authors. These people pick up any additional errors and might make suggestions on how to improve certain passages of text. I always take these comments on board.

When I am confident that there are no remaining errors or unclear passages, I self-publish my Travis #WebOfDeceit novels as Kindle eBooks on Amazon. You can find them by searching in Amazon Books for ‘#webofdeceit stubbs’.


My post completes this leg of the blog tour, but it isn’t finished yet!

The next two stops on the Writing Process Blog Tour you’ll be visiting are authors Jaime Conrad and James J. Murray on June 23rd.

Jaime Conrad

J. Conrad New

Jaime writes young adult fantasy. Originally from St. Louis, Missouri, she now lives in Cedar Park, Texas with her husband John Michael. Jaime believes in freedom of speech, thought and religion. Three years ago she had the idea for a Welsh-themed trilogy. She has currently published the first two books: Lake Caerwych and The Space Between Worlds, with Isle of Apples to be released later this summer. You can find Jaime on Twitter as @j_a_conrad.
You’ll find Jaime’s Writing Process Tour post on her blog here:

James J. Murray


With experience in both pharmaceutical manufacturing and clinical patient management, James J. Murray’s expertise has been medications and their impact on a patient’s quality of life. His secret passion for murder and mayhem, however, is a whole other matter. James’s obsession with reading murder mysteries and thrillers left him longing to weave such tales of his own. Drawing on past clinical expertise as a pharmacist and an infatuation with the lethal effects of drugs, James creates short stories and novels of Murder, Mayhem and Medicine that will have you looking over your shoulder and suspicious of anything in your medicine cabinet.

You’ll find James’s Writing Process Tour post here:


I hope you’re enjoying the tour so far and that you’ll find new authors to add to your reading list. While you’re here, feel free to browse my blog and read the articles dealing with topics that inspired my first two novels.


Inundated with opinions

(but very few facts)

The UK is suffering the effects of its wettest winter for over 250 years; and, unlike most of our bad weather, it is affecting the more populous south of the country. Consequently, the broadcast, printed and online UK media have been full of scenes of widespread storm damage and flooding: seaside promenades and a railway track demolished; villages in the reclaimed marshland of the Somerset levels cut off; and (horror of horrors!), people with homes near the River Thames to the west of London discovering what it really means to live on a flood plain. An excellent summary of the weather and headlines that have been hitting the UK can be found here.

For a week we were presented with the apocalyptic vision of television news anchormen sloshing about in their waders and wellies through the streets of commuter towns in the Tory (Conservative party) heartlands. Fairly late in the day, our Conservative Prime Minister felt obliged to cancel a planned overseas trip, and instead zipped from one beleaguered spot to another above the storm damage and floods in a helicopter, fearing (and in an effort to head off) the George W. Bush/Katrina effect. Back in parliament in London, the blame game was played out with gusto, with one side with scarcely any knowledge of the subject accusing the other side of not having taken the necessary steps to head off and/or contain this disaster (and vice versa). Eventually they settled on a compromise – blame it all on the Environment Agency, which has the job of building flood defences. The agency hit back, saying it was the government’s Treasury department that writes the rules on what can and cannot be spent. The media, of course, joined in, pointing out that the present Conservative/Liberal Democrat coalition government has cut Environment Agency funding while simultaneously encouraging house-building in flood-prone locations.

Whatever your politics, or views on climate change, or proximity to the seashore or a river, one thing is clear – once again, action to deal with this crisis is being driven by our politicians’ need to be ‘seen to be doing something’, rather than ‘doing the most effective and sensible thing’. The media likes headlines and personal hard luck stories, and gives column inches, online real estate and airtime to individuals caught up in these events. Some house owners and others have been philosophical (e.g. “Most of the time it is idyllic here, living so close to the river.”). But the people who get the most coverage are those who demand that money should be spent. Understandably, the people affected by the high winds and deluge have views on how and where taxpayers’ money should be invested, and state categorically that if only this or that specific piece of dredging or engineering work had been done then “this would never have happened”.

As usual, the voices of those who have spent a lifetime studying the effects of bad weather and rainfall, and who actually know what they are talking about, have been submerged and drowned out by the media frenzy. It was only after many weeks that the ‘Sunday Times’ printed an article by a qualified columnist exposing the ’10 flooding myths’*. At last we had some hard facts! But even this item was buried at the foot of page 29, with no reference to it from the front page.

So, as with the touchy subject of immigration and other notable national issues, we are now faced with ‘government by reacting to the media’. It is, after all, really hard for a politician to ignore images of constituents and loyal voters up to their knees in effluent. On this occasion, for Conservative party supporters in the Thames Valley at least, the s*** really has hit the fans.

* The 10 flooding myths according to Charles Glover, Sunday Times columnist, and which have all been expounded in the UK media, are:
1) That the UK can have the heaviest winter rainfall in 250 years without someone, somewhere, being flooded.
2) That the Environment Agency got it wrong.
3) That dredging rivers does any good.
4) That we can afford to dredge anyway.
5) That we need to defend all agricultural land.
6) That what we need is a new flood defence agency.
7) That we should not bother planning for the increased rainfall predicted by climate scientists.
8) That because you have a house that hasn’t flooded for 30 years, it won’t flood.
9) That the Thames Barrier protects London from river flooding.
10) That anyone is actually to blame for flooding.

The end of a free press?

What’s happening in the UK next week?

Well, to hear some people tell it, this is end of press freedom in the UK. On Wednesday, October 30th, there will be a convening of the Privy Council before the Queen. Following a centuries old tradition, the Privy Council members will stand before Her Majesty and recommend the adoption of a Royal Charter on press regulation.

The press owners’ body Pressbof – the Press Standards Board of Finance – has today launched a legal challenge to try to stop this happening. Lord Black, the executive director of the Telegraph Media Group, said that the Newspaper Publishers Association (NPA) had to make this move in the interests of preserving a free press. “As the issues at stake are so extraordinarily high – we are having to take this course of action.”

Pressbof submitted its own version of a regulator (IPSO – the Independent Press Standards Organisation) to the Privy Council in April, but this was rejected on October 8th. The Royal Charter going before the Queen next Wednesday is the one that all political parties support. Or (alternatively) the one ‘cobbled together by party leaders and victims’ group Hacked Off’.

So what is Pressbof? You can find out here or here.

What is Hacked Off? You can find out here.

And now the House of Lords (the upper house in the UK parliament) has got involved.

So, how did we get here …?

From 2005 through to 2007, a series of investigations into alleged mobile phone hacking and police bribery by the UK press concluded that these illegal practices were confined to a handful of ‘rogue journalists’, and was targeted exclusively at people in the public eye, such as celebrities and politicians. This series of investigations was managed by the media, and in particular by a body that was set up to monitor and control the excesses of the press: the Press Complaints Commission (PCC).

By 2011, pressure from an increasing number of individuals who believed that they had been victims of phone hacking and other forms of press intrusion resulted in a full public enquiry. This was conducted by Lord Justice Leveson and became known as the ‘Leveson Inquiry’.

The Leveson Inquiry established that the technique of listening to stored, private voicemails was much more widely known and practised across the UK media industry than had previously been recognised, and had become widespread by 2002. In addition to celebrities and politicians, solicitors, police officers and ordinary members of the public had become targets. Victims gave evidence to the enquiry that they had been unable to work out how the press had obtained the information that was appearing in the newspapers. They had accused their friends, relatives and work colleagues of ‘leaking’ confidential details. Relationships had broken down or become strained, which added to the stress experienced by these people. The most notorious of the incidents reported to the enquiry was when an individual hacked into the mobile phone of a young girl – Millie Dowler – who had been abducted and murdered. It was alleged that this individual had deleted some of the voicemail messages, which led the girls’ parents to believe that she was still alive.

See this analysis by Hacked off as to the extent to which publications in the UK resorted to tactics that would be considered by most people to be intrusive, and which at times were also allegedly illegal.

As a result of the evidence presented to Leveson, the PCC came to be viewed (not for the first time) as being ineffectual. Hence the drive to put in place something that will actually work.

The media cry: “You can’t do this. It will be the end of a free press!”

The victims cry: “We need something that will protect us!”

So, where do you stand on this?

My new novel ‘Retribution’ deals with these issues and shows how the activities of the media can radically affect the lives of ordinary people. It is FREE all next week (October 28th through to November 1st). Download it from Read the novel first, and then decide on which side of this debate you stand!

I’d love to hear your comments.

Read All About It! – UK public thinks immigration hurts country

A poll in the UK commissioned by Lord Ashcroft, the former deputy-chairman of the Conservative party, has discovered that 6 in 10 people believe immigration has resulted in more disadvantages than advantages for the country. Only one in six thought the opposite. Well: surprise, surprise …!

For me, what is most striking about the results is that the 6 in 10 proportion wasn’t higher. We are, after all, regularly bombarded by sensationalist headlines and scare stories in the UK media about how our tiny country is being overwhelmed by mass migration. The well-researched, carefully analysed and peer-reviewed studies by university professors and others about the true economic and social impacts of immigration are given little airtime or press coverage.

The sad fact is (as this poll illustrates in the detail of its report) that even if we did have the true figures presented to us more clearly and conscientiously, we would not necessarily believe them. Whatever our view is of the benefits or otherwise of immigration, it is unlikely to be modified by the latest report or set of calculations, especially if they are announced by a politician. On this particular topic we have become a nation of sceptics.

So, how did we get here …?

The full details of the Lord Ashcroft research can be found at Writing in The Sunday Times on September 1st, Michael Ashcroft himself concludes that it has been a failure by UK politicians over many years that is to blame: “One thing that unites people with different views about immigration,” Ashcroft writes, “is their conviction that politicians have handled it badly: whether because they are incompetent, fail to listen, are afraid to be accused of racism, or are too weak to set out the advantages of immigration in the face of public opposition.”

So, it is all the fault of the politicians then. Nothing to do with the media.

What disappoints me most about the Ashcroft research and report is that a glorious opportunity has been missed. As well as asking participants WHAT they thought about immigration, the pollsters could also have asked WHY they had these opinions: from where are they deriving their views? The study involved over 20,000 people – enough to enable Lord Ashcroft and his team to identify seven different ‘segments’ of opinion. It would have been fascinating to learn how these various segments had been influenced and guided towards their views by the media.

In fact, the media gets a mention only once in the report, in one of the published anecdotes:

“The media are whipping up a lot of it. They will hone in on one particular case where someone’s got a five bedroom house in a wonderful area, which are isolated cases.”

The seven segments of opinion about migration identified in the study have been labelled: Universal Hostility, Cultural Concerns, Competing for Jobs, Fighting for Entitlements, Comfortable Pragmatists, Urban Harmony, and Militantly Multicultural, covering the spectrum from unashamedly negative to ‘rose-tinted glasses’ positive.

What a pity that we don’t have the data to test whether there is any correlation between these segments and the newspapers they are influenced by on a regular basis. What interesting reading that would have made!

[New eBook ‘Retribution’, dealing with press intrusion and phone hacking, now available Only £1.99/$2.99.]

Media Campaigns – when they go too far

Two stories played out on opposite sides of the Atlantic during July 2013 have illustrated how media campaigns can all too easily cross the boundary of what can be considered to be in the public interest…

Story No. 1: The Weiner sexting scandal

In July 2013, Anthony Weiner was a candidate in the upcoming election for Mayor of New York City. He had previously resigned from Congress after admitting sending photos of his private parts as attachments to text messages. Later he appeared on US national TV, supported by his wife, declaring that he had finished with ‘sexting’ for good. In July 2013 it was revealed that he had continued with this dubious activity, described in the UK’s Sunday Times newspaper as “compulsive online fantasising with a woman calling herself Sydney Leathers”. Again, Wiener admitted to these misdemeanours on TV, but refused to pull out of the mayoral election race. You can read more about this story here:

Story No. 2: The SAS soldier with an illegal firearm

Gun laws here in the UK are very strict and strictly enforced. In this country we take very seriously the possession of an illegal weapon—we are proud that we have a largely unarmed police force, and want to keep it that way. So, when Danny Nightingale, a soldier in the Special Armed Services, was discovered to be keeping an illegal pistol in his army house, he was taken to trial, found guilty and sentenced to 18 months in jail. That decision was later overturned on appeal. Then, in July 2013, Danny Nightingale faced a retrial court martial for his actions. You can read more about this story here: For an alternative view, read this:

Media reaction

Many media campaigns are for good causes. They provide a platform around which ordinary people can coalesce and have their voices heard. They have been successful in convincing governments to change bad laws; implement badly needed new ones; introduce or modify regulations; and take action against organisations or individuals that are generally held to be doing things that are injurious to society as a whole. Media campaigns have led to the elimination of injustices and compensation for victims.

But, as with all types of power and influence, there need to be boundaries set. Andrew Sullivan, writing in the Sunday Times of 28th July 2013, described this succinctly in the Anthony Weiner case—it should not be the media that determine whether or not New Yorkers get a chance to vote (or not vote) for Weiner. “He’s not a criminal and not a hypocrite,” Sullivan observes, “just a pathological narcissist…” The right response to Weiner’s situation, argues Sullivan, is not to call for him to drop out of the mayoral race, but for him to plough on and “let the voters decide if his character or lack of impulse control makes him unfit for the mayor’s office.” The point Sullivan is making is that there exists a democratic process that should be allowed to run its course. The media campaigns against Weiner are undermining and potentially subverting that process.

Switch now back to the UK. The judge in the Danny Nightingale court martial criticised the public campaigns mounted in his defence, telling the soldier that he had “made up a spurious defence which falsely impugned a fellow soldier and caused a number of SAS soldiers to risk their own security in giving evidence.” Bolstered by the support he was receiving from a section of the UK media and from some MPs, Nightingale had sought to have his retrial dropped. As it was, he received a two-year suspended sentence. Just as with the Weiner situation in New York, the media had been campaigning for the suspension of due process.

Campaigning to have laws, regulations or processes changed is one thing. Media campaigns that call for existing laws, regulations or processes to be ignored—no matter what the circumstances—are an altogether different proposition: one that crosses the boundary of what is in the public interest and goes too far.

[Check out my upcoming novel ‘Retribution’, dealing with issues of press intrusion. Coming soon. ]

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